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Thursday, October 01, 2009

The Roman Arena



During the last few years when I was writing for Nerve's now-defunct film blog The Screengrab--a much-missed golden era in online critical and journalistic commentary that my landlord and I like to call "back when I was getting paid for doing this"--I spent enough time writing about the decades-long legal travails of Roman Polanski that I felt no compulsion to weigh in on the news that the little Polish sausage had been detained by Swiss authorities and may finally be facing extradition to the United States. But since the news broke, I'll admit to having been surprised by the number of people who've latched onto it as a rare opportunity to stand up and bravely declare themselves to be opposed to the rape of children--or, to be specific, to the "anal rape" of children. (Polanski admits to having done more than that to his young victim, but I guess that some people like to boil the charges down to "anal rape" because they think it has a special lyrical ring to it, especially when shouted in one's best Howard Beale voice.)

Part of what's striking about that side of the debate is that, as so often seems to be the case in our current culture of self-righteous apoplexy, a lot of the combatants sound as if they're really advertising their rage and loathing towards, as well as their superiority to, anyone who disagrees with them, or even sort of agrees with them but with reservations or even in a quiet tone of voice. These people stand accused of being insufficiently opposed to the anal rape of minors, and to drive that point home, their more purple-faced opponents were quick to put together a collection of straw arguments that they could then accuse their foes of having embraced. One of these was that anyone less than thrilled with Polanski's arrest felt sorry for the guy in leg irons, or as they preferred to put it, "I'm sure not feeling sorry for a rich celebrity who finally has to face justice for having committed anal rape of a child!" Suspicions were also hatched that maybe some people think that Polanski should be able to do whatever the hell he wants to our daughters because he's a highly respected movie director, or, again as the suspicious-minded were more likely to phrase it, "I don't think that having made Chinatown should give somebody a license to run amok!" After hearing a few thousand variations on that sentence construction, one might almost begin to wonder if, for some few of those most livid at Polanski, the whole thing was really about them, and about seizing the opportunity to show that they were moral superior not only to the award-winning anal rapist at the center of the story but all those cowards who seemed insufficiently avid for his blood. Of course, I would never suggest such a thing myself. We're talking about my brothers and sisters in Christ here.

Cards on the table time: I do not feel sorry for Roman Polanski. He had a hell of a rough time of it coming up, and he also reaped the benefits of the ways in which that shaped him and became one of our most rewarded film artists. He has explored the darkness he knows so well in some lasting works of movie art, and during the very long periods when inspiration seemed to have fled him, he also managed to keep himself in business by exploiting his reputation as a master of darkness in junk like The Ninth Gate. Nor do I think that his talent should be a factor in any legal judgments made against him, though I'll admit to finding it perturbing that, if this development ends his career, it will have come at a time when he'd unexpectedly started making really good movies again. (At least, I'd take his 2005 Oliver Twist over the 1980 Tess in a hot minute.) But for reasons that have nothing to do with Polanski, his life, or his art, I find this last-minute outbreak of law-giving troubling. An article in The New York Times addresses the ways in which Polanski's celebrity may affect his ability to drum up support from within the ranks of fellow moviemakers (who see him as a colleague and artist) and also inside the Hollywood film industry (which may see him as a guy who hasn't had a hit in ages). But does anyone think that the law would still be on his tail, for this crime, if the LAPD itself weren't impressed, and chagrined, by his celebrity? (Questions have also been raised as to whether he'd have even been arrested for the crime if he hadn't been a big-name movie director, and I think it's only fair to declare them canceled out by the likelihood that, were he not a big-name movie director, he wouldn't have been able to persuade an underage girl to meet him in Jack Nicholson's hot tub in the first place.)

For those of us who think there's something hinky about Polanski's being detained now, it comes down to, why now? For some thirty years, Polanski's case seemed to be as low priority as it could get. After fleeing to Europe, he picked up his career and made more movies, none of which were denied release in the U.S., and one of which, The Pianist, won him an Academy Award for Best Director. Journalists and critics continued to write about him, and as the years slipped by, the fact that he was a fugitive from justice inexorably became less and less prominently featured in the stories about him. There didn't seem to be any noticeable public cry for his capture, the way there was about such vanished or insufficiently punished monsters as Josef Mengele, Byron De La Beckwith, or O. J. Simpson. The girl in the case is now in her mid-40s. She maintains that Polanski repeatedly raped her--the statutory rape charge he's been in flight from was the eventual result of plea bargain negotiations--and also says that she bears him no ill will and would rather he be left alone. A number of gallants have chimed in that her statements about having forgiven Polanski should be ignored, because the poor dizzy thing must be so traumatized by the experience that she can't think clearly enough to hate Polanski as much as they think she should, but luckily, they're willing to hate him enough for both themselves and her. I don't guess there's anything condescending about that at all, though I'll admit that the first time I heard that argument, I flashed on Gary Dotson, the convicted rapist who was in his sixth year of a hundred-year sentence when his accuser publicly recanted, insisting that she had made up her story of having been raped rather than admit to her parents that her boyfriend had gotten her pregnant. The outcry got Dotson released, but there were also lots of stories in the press--including one in, God help me, Playboy, Polanski's employer on his weird and lively film version of Macbeth--that took the position that the woman was probably suffering from some kind of delayed-trauma guilt trip that forced her to get Dotson sprung because she blamed herself for having been raped by him, and the law found this argument so compelling that Dotson spent the next four years having his freedom interrupted as he was hustled in and out of jail on various trumped up charges, until the law and the governor were made to reluctantly accept the results of a DNA test that showed conclusively that he hadn't done it. However unsettling the possibility may seem to all those fellows on horseback with tinfoil lances, the fact is that even some actual rape victims may be capable of knowing what they really think and feel, thirty years down the line.

Despite the evident fact that the Swiss have had numerous occasions to pick up Polanski in the past several years, what with having a house there and all, and despite the law's having produced a timeline of past attempts to apprehend Polanski over the years--it looks as if a secretary spent at least twenty minutes on it--I find it hard to believe that the recent developments aren't largely the indirect result of Marina Zenovich's 2008 documentary Roman Polanski: Wanted and Desired. This is what Alanis Morissette would call ironic, because that movie, which Lauren Bans calls "a gross overwrought defense of Polanski", is implicitly on Roman's side, sometimes in ways that flirt with the ridiculous. Zenovich tries to leave you with the sense that Polanski had found his soul mate in his starlet wife Sharon Tate and that, after an early life with far too much pain in it, he was on his way to The Big Happy Ending before the Manson family shattered his life, and, on some level, his moral compass; it's not my place to speculate on how plausible I find all that, but I can do Polanski the favor of saying that I doubt that anything that sentimental would ever find a place in one of his movies. The documentary is full of new interviews with Polanski's friends, who try to sell the viewer on an image of him as a lost, hurting, abandoned child, more sinned against than sinning. In this effort, they are repeatedly undercut by the inclusion of news footage of Polanski himself, who remains (in network TV-speak) one of the most unrelatable public figures of our modern age.

But once the legal negotiations begin, the movie has an irresistible story to tell it, and it tells it in stereo: much of the second half is narrated by the lawyers involved, including the prosecutor David Wells, and their accounts match. The villain is the late Judge Lawrence J. Rittenband, a publicity addict who was mainly concerned with how the show, excuse me, I mean the trial, was playing out in the media. (The title Wanted and Desired comes from a witness to the circus who notes the striking difference between the European reporters who saw Polanski as an important cultural figure and the American TV crews and journalists, who saw him as a malignant dwarf who had come for our women--and Zenovich makes the point that this view was so strong even at the start of Polanski's Hollywod career that, in the wake of his wife's murder, the media often treated the director as if he might be complicit in the killings, or at least as if he had somehow brought it on himself by making sicko movies like Rosemary's Baby.) According to the lawyers, Rittenband actually called them into his chambers and told them what parts he wanted them to play in scenes that he wanted to act out in the courtroom for the media. Ultimately, he agreed, as his little secret with Polanski and the lawyers, to force Polanski to spend a maximum of ninety days in a maximum security prison receiving "psychiatric evaluation." Again, according to the lawyers, it was understood that this would be Polanski's sentence, and that after it was over, he'd be given probation. If true, this would mean that Polanski, for all practical purposes, had already served his sentence when he went on the lam, and both the prosecution team and the psychiatric experts were good with it. But after the shrinks decided that Polanski had had enough and he was turned loose after 42 days, the media decided that he wasn't showing sufficient public remorse, and Rittenband, upset by the bad press, informed the lawyers that he'd changed his mind and was going to throw the book at the little bastard. The prosecutor recalls that, after that mind-blower, Polanski's lawyer asked him how he could explain this to his client, and he, to his regret, he says, replied that if Polanski were his own client, he might just tell him to hop the next plane out of Rittenband's magic kingdom.

Wanted and Desired, which won an award at the Sundance Film Festival, played on HBO, and had a modest theatrical run, re-ignited interest in the case, so much so that, as the year was drawing to a close, Polanski's lawyers made a motion to have the case against him dropped. They were quickly followed by an effort by the woman Polanski raped to drop the charges, saying that the lingering "attention" the case still generated "is not pleasant to experience and is not worth maintaining over some irrelevant legal nicety, the continuation of the case.” (There were also rumors, based on material deleted from the film, that a new judge on the case offered to drop the whole thing if Polanski would only agree to have the hearings televised.) The let's-drop-this-thing movement ultimately foundered because Polanski refused to return to the U.S. He didn't trust the District Attorney's office, and in light of recent events, he may have had the right idea. Based on how the case that had laid dormant for so long--especially during those years when Polanski, the director of Pirates and Frantic, was most ice-cold as a celebrity name in Los Angeles--suddenly became of pressing importance in the wake of the doc and all the attendant stories about how justice in L.A. isn't even what it's cracked up to be, despite the fact that it's already seen as pretty damn cracked, it's hard for even a conspiracy-phobe like myself not to conclude that what made this case an A-list priority after all this time is that Roman Polanski's real crime is that he ran away, thrived, and in the process made the law look ridiculous. And then, having done all that, he even had the audacity to feel them out about getting his name cleared so that he could visit their fine city again and, after they tried to save face by imposing some restrictions of their own, like asking him to actually show up in a courtroom, walked away again, saying, no--my life's good, it's not really that important to me.

Now David Wells has declared that he was flat-out lying in the documentary, and his explanation for this ought to be enshrined in the Weasel Words Hall of Fame: he says that he thought it would be okay to tell these lies (and slander the dead judge) for the sake of "a better story" because he didn't think anyone would see the movie. (He also says that he didn't think that it would be a big deal because nobody cared about the case anymore, which would seem to give the lie to the claims by the D.A.'s office that they've been sweating over it like Inspector Javert since 1977.) The Huffington Post article that broke this story--it's by "Marcia Clark", who is either a different person than the TV prosecutor of that name who starred in the O. J. Simpson miniseries of fourteen years ago or is that person after receiving a head transplant--seems to think that Wells's claim to be an untrustworthy lying motherfucker are a great thing for the state's case, and adds that "If you want to know what it’s all about, read Samantha Geimer’s testimony before the grand jury. See what you think." Actually, deciding that the testimony that Polanski's victim gave 32 years ago is more important, in deciding what to do about it now, than taking into consideration her adult pleas that the case go away has nothing to do with what anyone thinks. It's about what people feel. Many years ago, before Polanski won that Oscar and the documentary got made and nobody in the U.S. still gave a shit about his fugitive warrant, I turned on HBO and saw Dennis Miller tell an appreciative audience that if you feel an urge to have sex with a minor and you can't stop yourself, then--chuckle--you need to kill yourself. It wasn't a joke, but although Miller was still presenting himself, fraudulently, as a comedian, he'd already figured out that when you have more smugness than talent or brains, it's a lot easier to touch people's soft reflexes than make them laugh.

There's no softer place in most people than the thought of raping a child, and when you throw in "rich and famous", "sinister foreigner", "Hollywood pals", and all the other buzzwords that adhere to Polanski, you have a handy smokescreen that's guaranteed to short circuit any debate about whether you really want a considerable amount of the law's limited resources devoted to hauling in a 75-year-old man on a thirty-two-year-old warrant, ostensibly because of something he did to someone who says she doesn't want to see him prosecuted, but really (and, I think, obviously) because the law doesn't like to be humiliated by someone it sees as an unrepentant show business sleazeball. Polanski may be a sleazeball, but nobody thinks he's a menace to society--one big difference between then and now is that nobody working for his prosecution can seriously think they're working to prevent him from doing this again--so the spectacle of his detainment and possible future prosecution can only appeal to that lizard part of the brain that thinks that the justice system has nothing to do with protecting society and everything to do with punishing those we disapprove of. (Here's another irony for you: in doing this, the law has unwittingly forged a bond between Polanski and the late Susan Atkins, the murderer of his wife, who recently died in a prison hospital after being bedridden for more than a year with a brain tumor, the culmination of forty years in prison and a total of 17 parole hearings. By the end it was impossible to argue that she was a threat to anyone or that she hadn't paid a considerable debt to society, but you don't see "Manson family member" to a California parole board and expect to ever go home. The fact that she spent so much of the tail end of her life drugged out of her skull, receiving better medical care than she probably could have gotten on the outside, at the taxpayer's not inconsiderable expense, was probably deeply gratifying to many people who think that criminals should not be coddled and who oppose government health care.) This isn't, or shouldn't be, about how much of your pity you want to lavish on monsters. It's about whether, in a country with the largest and most overcrowded prison system in the world, we want to apply any practical considerations at all to who goes and stays into a cell or if we just want to use the system to luxuriate in our capacity for blood lust.

I don't think that people would support this kind of use of their tax dollars and the police's time if Polanski had robbed a bank or maybe even if he'd killed somebody, but throw in "anal rape" of a child, and many people would probably all for seeing him torn apart by hungry bears in the Thunderdome on live TV. I'm not sorry for Polanski. I don't think his talent gives him license to rape children. I don't even, I swear to God, support the rape of children by anyone. But the Los Angeles County Justice Department is performing an expensive, international operation that I doubt it would like tom try to justify on the grounds of protecting and serving the public, all because it got its shins kicked. They feel that they can get away with what they want to do because there are certain crimes that set off such a light show inside the skulls of most people that, if they're told what they're seeing is in reaction to one of those crimes, they'll forgive the law anything. So did John Yoo.

10 comments:

Michael said...

Lewis Black has a joke on one of his albums, recorded less than a year after 9/11, where he says that some part of each one of us, right after it happened, thought, "Well, that fucks up MY plans."

I felt the same sense of moral highhandedness around this year's 9/11 as you note around Polanski discussions-people stumbling over themselves to be the first to tell you that it's 9/11. Yeah, I get it, thanks. Really? You're against child rape? Way to take a stand.

Anonymous said...

What is so maddening about your post is the closing invocation of John Yoo. Patting yourself on the back for not being driven by emotions about the nature of the crime, you miss the essential point.

Polanski broke the law but did not serve his debt. It is possible to desire to see him returned and serve out his sentence without becoming enraged at the hot-button nature of his crime. Polanski should be brought back for the same reason the Bush-era torturers Yoo enabled should stand trial: the rule of law is supposed to apply equally to all. A really good legal rationalization, media pressure on the judge, and even the victim's forgiveness do not change that.

We don't pursue most criminals for thirty years because most don't have the resources to evade prosecution for that long. Vilification of child rapists isn't unique to Polanski, the case is only attention-worthy because his wealth, status and connections made it possible for him to evade the consequences for so long.

Is the current timing in some way playing politics? Perhaps, but who cares? The argument that prosecutions can only be brought when free of political timing is precisely why Yoo and company are still at large. If the response to a documentary 30 years from now finally brings Yoo into a courtroom I won't spend a lot of time worrying about whether the prosecution is motivated by their own embarrassment. In that circumstance I doubt you would be expressing concerns that Yoo's prosecution is just exploiting public outrage.

JDC said...

You're debating straw men in this post and the straw men have at least scored a draw. The things I read don't seem to be that strong on "superiority". There has been a lot of amazement and revulsion that some are issuing appologia for what Polanski did to a 13 year-old girl. (Anne Applebaum being the primary offender.)

There have been some reactions (and a bunch in my personal conversations) along the lines of "Chinatown" not cancelling out child rape. And that is probably about feeling superior at least in part. But mostly it just strikes me as blather that is besides the point. To me it isn't as stupid as the petition on behalf of Polanski that refers to the rape as "a case of morals". That's either astonishingly disingenuous or frankly monstrous.

You are correct that the rape victim (and the Polanski defenders who refer to him as the victim are lacking a reasonable moral compass in my view) doesn't want charges to be pressed against him. You then state "a number of gallants have chimed in that her statements about having forgiven Polanski should be ignored, because the poor dizzy thing must be so traumatized by the experience that she can't think clearly enough to hate Polanski as much as they think she should." Has anybody really been stupid enough to put it remotely like this? Instead, people have observed that the decision isn't the victims. Polanski broke the law and the justice system deals with him and his conduct. It isn't a contractual matter between the individuals. It's a question of law. There are damn good reasons for this. Or are we to assume that you prefer a world where a rapist can escape justice if he can somehow make the victim prefer the case not go to trial? (Obviously you don't think this but I think that characterization is more charitable to you then you are to those who would like to see Polanski in a US court.)

As for Polanski's trial, there definitely appear to be improper actions by the judge. But the correct place to deal with that is in the courtroom. Through appeal if necessary. Polanski certainly had the resources to litigate the issue thoroughly. You write "The let's-drop-this-thing movement ultimately foundered because Polanski refused to return to the U.S. He didn't trust the District Attorney's office, and in light of recent events, he may have had the right idea." Polanski is a fugitive from justice. He must return to face the court, even to get the case settled. They told him that and he didn't return. His lawyers even complained the prosecutors weren't really trying to capture him. That's just dumb.

David Wells: who cares? Dennis fucking Miller: seriously, who cares? The following facts are not in dispute (at least not by Polanski):

1) Polanski gave alcohol and drugs to a 13-year-old girl and then, over her continuous objections, put his mouth on her vagina, then vaginally raped her, then anally raped her.

2) Polanski, as part of a plea bargain that he believed would result in a "time-served" sentence admitted guilt.

3) The trial judge, whatever malpractice he may have committed, was under no legal duty to respect the plea bargain. (I think the plea deal was absurdly lenient but am generally in favour of plea deals being honored. I cannot make my mind up whether a judge should respect the plea deal or not.)

4) Before sentencing, Polanski fled the country. That is to say, he is a fugitive from justice.

(Continued on next comment . . .)

JDC said...

That last thing is the key for me. Polanski fled justice and, because of his ample resources, has made a mockery of the judicial system. That kind of behavior needs to be punished. The justice system is already grossly unfair. It cannot tolerate the damage done by letting an individual flaunt it solely because they have the resources to do so. Frankly, subverting justice through unequal treatment due to better lawyers, etc. isn't as bad as avoiding it all together. Put him in jail.

You begin your last paragraph "I don't think that people would support this kind of use of their tax dollars and the police's time if Polanski had robbed a bank or maybe even if he'd killed somebody[.]" This is an amazing (and I assume inadvertant) echo of Martin Amis' interview of Polanski from 1979 when Polanski said "If I had killed somebody, it wouldn’t have had so much appeal to the press, you see? But… fucking, you see, and the young girls. Judges want to fuck young girls. Juries want to fuck young girls. Everyone wants to fuck young girls!" Yeah, I'm not going to cry if he sees the inside of a cell.

You close with "[The prosecutors] feel that they can get away with what they want to do because there are certain crimes that set off such a light show inside the skulls of most people that, if they're told what they're seeing is in reaction to one of those crimes, they'll forgive the law anything. So did John Yoo." So trying, from whatever motivation, to capture and sentence a man who pled guilty to raping a child and then fled justice is on a par with subverting the constitution in order to "justify" torture and other war crimes? No, no, Mr. Nugent. Fuck you.

You might want to look at what some less straw-like people are saying about Polanski's arrest.

Phil Nugent said...

Hey, my father is "Mr. Nugent"! Please, call me Phil.

We're never going to see eye-to-eye on most of this, but I would like to try to clarify what I think all this has to do with John Yoo. I think--I pray--that most people would agree that justice should be cold-blooded and emotionless and that "playing politics" with the law ought to be unforgivable. But this case shows that a lot of people who'd agree to that most of the time are prepared to react differently over what they probably see as the one crime so heinous that it's okay to move the goal posts. But the goal posts have to stay where they are. If you move them once, that only makes it easier for people like Yoo to argue that they can be moved whenever our leaders want to change the rules on a whim. And that is the only way that Roman Polanski and his legal problems have any relevance to or impact on my life, and most people's lives.

JDC said...

Phil,

In a more polite vein, I think you make a category mistake when you write "But the goal posts have to stay where they are. If you move them once, that only makes it easier for people like Yoo to argue that they can be moved whenever our leaders want to change the rules on a whim. And that is the only way that Roman Polanski and his legal problems have any relevance to or impact on my life, and most people's lives."

I think there is reasonable argument to be made that "Hey! The plea bargain was the deal and it should be honored." I don't agree because ALL plea bargains are explicitly not binding on the judge. They are almost invariably accepted. But note that almost. As a personal matter, it doesn't comport with my sense fo justice for anyone who did what Polanski admitted doing to get less than 3 months in the pokey. But setting my personal preferences aside, you simply don't grapple with his fleeing justice.

I use that phrase deliberately. I don't intend it to be inflamatory. Polanski's flight is a new and distinct act. It fundamentally undermines a system of justice to tolerate people running away from it. Now, maybe the system should be undermined. That's a different issue. But Polanski's running away and flaunting it are bad for the justice system. What ever happens with the underlying criminal case, he needs to answer (as effectively as he possibly can) for that.

nolo said...

There's actually a fairly simple reason why Polanski's finally been arrested after lo these many years. Court proceedings have actually been proceeding in California, believe it or not, in which Polanski (through his lawyers) is trying to broker some kind of resolution of all this. In the course of those proceedings, Polanski's lawyers told the court of appeals that this matter really couldn't be that big a deal because the prosecutors hadn't been diligently trying to apprehend him. BAD IDEA. Don't bait the prosecutors, especially by saying that their deference to your absconded a** has actually been a sign that they don't actually want to prosecute you.

DNR said...

Respectfully, I think the goal posts are that you have to go through the legal system to challenge something like the rejection of the plea bargain. There are three separate points here. One is that there is no way 90 days is an adequate sentence for Polanski's crimes. But it was agreed to by the prosecutor and the judge. Which leads to the second point, that while judges can change their minds on a plea bargains, our court system would grind to a halt if defendants didn't feel plea agreements are going to be kept. But at the same time, the way to deal with that is through the appeals system.

Allowing someone who is rich and has ties in other countries to skate that sets up a horrible precedent. If Polanski was treated unfairly by Rittenband, it's his responsibility to go through the legal system to deal with it. Otherwise others would face corrupt rulings from Rittenband. And in fact, Rittenband was removed from the case, at which point Polanski did not return to face the trial.

"Fuck yous" aside, I encourage to check out the posts linked above at lefarkins.blogspot.com. They go carefully through the actual legal arguments, including the ones you made about the cost of the case.

-David Rothschild

Steve C. said...

Yet more intellectually dishonest straw-man arguments and willful misstating the facts to make your point.

But in the end, that's just fine. Because the more moral support you guys give Polanski & his lawyers, the more the celebs raise the profile of the case, the more the likelihood that Steve Cooley will go all out at the sentencing instead of being seen as the guy who let the admitted child rapist (anal and regular rape-rape) skate one last time.

Anonymous said...

Strawman, red herring, slippery slope. I think this article was intended to be subtly inflammatory.